Who is the hottest low carbon energy 2011

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Low carbon energy, who will be the leader in 2011

in the long river of new energy, hot spots rotate and the scenery is changeable. Each has been the leader for three to five years. In 2011, who is the leader in the low-carbon energy industry

we sorted out the major events and events in the low-carbon energy industry in 2011, selected 20 major events, and invited more than 1200 experts, officials, business people, contributors, interviewees and readers to select the top 10 low-carbon energy

the safety of nuclear power plants depends on mature technology

in March, 2011, Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant had one accident after another, and the myth of nuclear power safety in Japan was shattered. On March 16, the executive meeting of the State Council decided to suspend the examination and approval of nuclear power projects, and required the comprehensive review of nuclear power plants under construction with the most advanced standards; Strictly examine and approve new nuclear power projects; We will promptly work out nuclear safety plans. CGNPC proposed to organize the safety assessment of all new nuclear power plant sites with the most advanced standards and re screen the sites. The main cause of the Fukushima nuclear leakage accident was that the residual heat could not be exported due to the shutdown of the cooling water circulation system after power failure. However, the third generation AP1000 nuclear power technology that China is building along the coast and will promote inland does not have this problem

at present, China's major nuclear power enterprises are paying close attention to preparing for a new nuclear power plant safety assessment, focusing on assessing the safety facilities, emergency measures, equipment aging, etc. of the nuclear power plants in operation, as well as the safety status of the plant sites under construction and the possibility of extreme natural disasters

reasons for selection: the whole society is unprecedentedly concerned about the safety of nuclear power. Our engineers should consider the solutions in this regard. Note: many local authorities used to rush nuclear power projects, but now they are not so active

do not break through the ceiling of 4billion tons of standard coal

the target of total energy demand control is a more rigid constraint target, but it is more important as a strong policy guidance signal. During the 12th Five Year Plan period, it can be considered to be included in the national and local plans as a guiding goal. The National Energy Administration said that the total energy consumption should be reasonably controlled during the 12th Five Year Plan period

hejiankun, deputy director of Tsinghua University Council and China climate change expert committee, is a researcher of relevant policies. In an exclusive interview with science times, he said that efforts should be made to control the total energy consumption at 4billion tons of standard coal in 2015

reasons for selection: the proportion of 15% non fossil energy is very clear, but the total amount of 100% is uncertain. In the past, it has greatly exceeded the control target, and the task in the next 10 years will be more arduous

accelerate the formulation of CCS development roadmap

due to the high energy consumption and economic cost of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology, the attitude of China's energy sector towards CCS is not positive. However, since 2011, the research of Chinese scholars has shown that without the development of CCS, relying only on energy conservation and renewable energy is not enough to make the inflection point of China's carbon dioxide emissions. At the same time, innovative CCS technology with low cost and low energy consumption is also under development. It can be said that CCS is facing a turning point of being relocated

in 2011, the attitude of Chinese academic circles towards CCS technology has undergone a subtle change

led by xujianzhong, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Xie Kechang, an academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, two successive Shuangqing forums focused on CCS, with dozens of domestic scholars in this field participating. The major CCS research plan of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) is also undergoing preliminary preparation, starting from basic research, to find ways to solve the problem of carbon capture with low cost and low energy consumption in the future. It is reported that the national development and Reform Commission also intends to organize experts to discuss the development path of CCS in China

various signs indicate that China's CCS development is ushering in a turning point

reasons for selection: CCS has far-reaching significance for achieving emission reduction targets and should be explored

ask CNOOC about successive oil spills: only by imposing heavy penalties can we be frightened.

China's oil and gas exploration and production must go to the sea. There is no room for bargaining, but the safety awareness must be strengthened, because the environmental risk of offshore oil and gas exploration and production is very large

professor linboqiang, director of the China energy economy research center of Xiamen University, has repeatedly stressed to the science times that only heavy punishment can scare people, and only substantive punishment can improve their safety awareness

reasons for selection: successive oil spills in the Bohai Sea have sounded an alarm to Chinese offshore oil and gas field producers. Earlier, the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico became one of the largest man-made ecological disasters in the United States and even in the world

On July 5, the European Court of justice began to deal with the case of the United States aviation industry jointly suing the European Union for mandatory aviation carbon tax. At this time, it is less than half a year since the EU aviation carbon emission trading mechanism officially came into effect on January 1, 2012, which contributed to the technological breakthrough of domestic civil aircraft materials

in November, 2008, the European Parliament and the European Commission passed a bill to incorporate the international aviation industry into the EU carbon emissions trading system from January 1, 2012. In 2009, United Airlines, Continental Airlines and the air transport association filed a lawsuit in the British high court. On May 13 this year, the EU announced that the system would come into force on time. Since then, a number of airlines around the world have publicly opposed the move, saying it violates international law. The New York Times pointed out recently that Europe is ready to stretch its hand across the ocean. With the approaching of 2012 in the aviation industry, the dispute over international aviation carbon tax has become increasingly fierce

reasons for selection: EU aviation carbon tax has aroused global concern about fair carbon reduction

behind the donation door: self adjustment and scenery reappearance

recently, an insider disclosed that Wuxi Suntech Solar Power Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as Wuxi Suntech) donated more than 17million yuan worth of goods to 200 schools nationwide in 2010. However, in fact, these solar demonstration systems and panels were not sent to the school, but were sold at a low price by the company entrusted by Wuxi Suntech to distribute gifts, and the whereabouts of the huge amount of money obtained were unknown. Although it was a fraudulent donation, the China Charity Federation issued a tax-free invoice of 17.54 million yuan when it received 50000 yuan of cash donations but did not receive donations

one is a private enterprise that has won numerous honors, the other is the China Charity Federation, which is widely trusted by the public. At the same time, they have been pushed to the forefront. The Charity Federation has been accused of falsely issuing tax reduction invoices for donations with one hand, and Wuxi Suntech has been accused of false donations to defraud tax

from donation to family separation, and then to reselling, Wuxi Suntech is deeply mired in the triple gate. Whether it can pass through the gate safely remains to be announced by the final investigation results of relevant parties. But misfortunes never come singly. Suntech Wuxi, which is deeply involved in donation, now has its share price at the bottom of history

reasons for selection: Wuxi Suntech has uncovered the tip of the iceberg that is no longer promising for the comprehensive, harmonious and sustainable development of China's photovoltaic industry

the ten-year plan for new energy vehicles continues to be difficult to produce.

in the first year of the 12th Five Year Plan period, the energy saving and new energy vehicle industry plan (year) (hereinafter referred to as the plan), which has been submitted to the State Council, is expected to be issued again and again. Instead of being implemented as scheduled, it is in an embarrassing situation that it may not be issued

at the 2011 International Forum on the development of China's automobile industry held recently, zhaohang, director of China Automotive Technology Research Center, disclosed that this plan may not be issued

according to an unnamed expert in the industry, according to the previously disclosed draft plan, the central government will invest 100billion yuan in 10 years to support the R & D and promotion of energy-saving and new energy vehicle industry. Now this 100billion yuan has become an unrealistic or even exaggerated content. Meanwhile, some specific targets for new energy vehicles in the draft, especially the overall target of 5million vehicles by 2020, are likely to be removed

reasons for being selected: new energy vehicles represented by pure electric vehicles have had a bad start in the first year of the 12th Five Year Plan, and the future remains to be resolved

the end of the mission of replacing technology with market for gas turbines

gas turbines are known as the Pearl of the crown in the field of energy equipment manufacturing, and play an important role in military and industrial fields such as aviation, ships and land. Due to its high-end technology, only a few developed countries in the world have mastered the core technology of gas turbine. From this issue, the newspaper will interview many witnesses in the field of gas turbines in China, launch a series of reports, and pay attention to the research and development status of gas turbines in China

American GE company once said that you need to buy the whole Ge to buy Ge advanced gas turbine hot end component technology. This sentence is enough to prove the importance of gas turbines

at present, only the United States, Britain, Germany, Russia, France and Japan have mastered the key technologies of advanced gas turbines. In other words, among the five permanent members of the United Nations, only China has so far failed to master the key technology of advanced gas turbines

as China's technology is relatively backward, 34% of the market engaged in service work is basically monopolized by companies in the above-mentioned countries. Of course, the global market is basically monopolized by them

for heavy-duty gas turbines, since 2003, the national development and Reform Commission and the national energy administration have presided over three bundling and follow-up tenders, hoping to exchange some gas turbine design and manufacturing technologies through packaging negotiations, forming three pairs of partners: Harbin automotive Ge, Dongfang Mitsubishi and SAIC Siemens

therefore, the development of heavy-duty gas turbines in China has entered the stage of bundling bidding, digestion, absorption and re innovation. This is the so-called "market for technology" stage, with a cost of 35billion yuan

reasons for selection: This is a case of the transformation from made in China to high-end creation

shale gas China strategic launch

China's shale gas and other unconventional oil and gas resources are very considerable, but so far the exploration and development is still in its infancy. Considering the current exploration technology and China's complex geological environment, commercial production may still take time

songxiaodan, deputy chief economist of the planning department of CNPC, introduced that the 12th Five Year Plan for shale gas development led by the national energy administration has been prepared and is expected to be published in the near future. The plan clearly states that China's shale gas production will reach 6.5 billion cubic meters in 2015 and 80billion cubic meters by 2020

reasons for selection: Optimists predict that, given that the Chinese government will make every effort to promote the shale gas field, with the introduction of subsidies, fiscal and tax support policies, unconventional energy is likely to stand out in the reform of China's energy structure

the industrialization of aviation biodiesel needs a breakthrough

on October 28, a Boeing aircraft of Air China carrying mixed biofuels successfully flew in the capital airport, which is the first time that biofuels have been used in aviation flight tests in China. China is the second largest aviation country in the world. PetroChina claims that the successful test flight marks that PetroChina has mastered the key technology of aviation biofuel processing, which is a major leap in the field of aviation biofuels in China

however, the science times found in an interview a few days ago that the response of insiders was not as enthusiastic as expected. They pointed out that although the test flight has increased confidence in China's sluggish biofuel market, high prices and lagging research and development still restrict the promotion of biofuels, especially the lack of raw material supply is the biggest bottleneck of industrialization

reasons for selection: Aviation biodiesel is an important direction of biomass energy development

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